The Dog Scene
The Dog Scene
  RSS Feed

Canadian Eskimo Dog

 Photo of Canadian Eskimo Dog

Canadian Eskimo Dog Books

Group: Working - Breed Standard


Height: dogs 58-70 cms (22-27½ ins), bitches 50-60 cms (19½-23½ ins).

The Canadian Eskimo Dog, otherwise known as the Qimmiq (Inuit for "dog") or what is considered to be the more politically correct Canadian Inuit Dog, is generally considered to be a very old dog breed, possibly as old as over 1,000 years. It was first bred by the Thule people. Therefore it is related to the Greenland Dog, so much so that some authorities consider them the same breed. It was, and still is (to a very limited extent), used by the Canadian Inuit as multi-purpose dogs, often put to work hunting seals and other arctic game, and hauling supplies and people.


The Canadian Eskimo Dog should always be powerfully built, athletic, and imposing in appearance. It should be of "powerful physique giving the impression that he is not built for speed but rather for hard work". As is typical of spitz breeds, it has erect, triangular ears, and a heavily feathered tail that is carried over its back. Males should be distinctly more masculine than females, who are finer boned, smaller, and often have a slightly shorter coat.

The coat is very thick and dense, with a slightly soft undercoat, and stiff, hard guard hairs. It has a mane of fur around its neck, which is smaller in females. They can be almost any colour, except brindle, solid fawn, or only black. White with patches of another colour on the head is the most common colour. Its coat may be pure white, but cannot be albino.


The Canadian Eskimo Dog's temperament reflects its original work and environment. It is tough, intelligent, and alert. It is affectionate and gentle, and developes a deep bond with its owner and is intensely loyal. Canadian Eskimo Dogs are best suited as companions for adults, rather than children, as it can be over-excitable. Owing to their original environment, they take pure delight in cold weather, often preferring to sleep outside in cold climates. Like most spitz breeds they can be very vocal.

Breed Health

Canadian Eskimo Dog is best kept in a cold climate, and can be prone to heatstroke.

Breed Care

They are very clean dogs and need little grooming, but, like all dogs, will benefit by a good brush about once a week. They moult seasonally and will shed their thick, woolly undercoat in great handfuls. At this time they should be brushed at least once every day to remove the dead hair. This keeps them comfortable and encourages the new coat to come in quicker. To remove the dead undercoat there is a tool called a rake, specifically made for this purpose.


Canadian Eskimo Dogs need a very large amount of exercise. They cannot just be walked, they need higher intensity work, requiring more exercise than many dog owners can give. This need for work and stimulation also makes them well suited for dog sports, such as carting, mushing, and skijoring.


They are very trainable and submissive, unlike many spitz breeds, as well as intelligent. See our books on training

submit Actions
submit Category Stats
Links: 2
Breed Club: 1
Affiliate: 1
Last link added: 04 Jan, 2009