The Dog Scene
The Dog Scene
  RSS Feed

Dobermann

Dobermann Books

Group: Working - Breed Standard

History

The history of the Dobermann, although a mystery is nerveless intriguing and fascinating; intriguing because delving into any historical subject, and in particular when dealing with a specific breed of dog. Fascinating because in tracing the ancestry of a dog the results can be educational. Many people have tried to trace the origin of the Dobermann, but as no definite records were kept by the man who evolved the attractive and alert dog, most of what has been written is based on assumption. Due to the colour and conformation of the present-day Dobermann it is reasonable to assume that several breeds, each quite different from the others, were used in its evolution. Despite the lack of records, it is believed that the Dobermann was evolved from the Manchester Terrier, Rottweiller, Greyhound, some also believe that the Beauceron (due to a white patch that appears on the forechest in some generations of the breed time to time) and Pointer was believed to have been used in the evolution of the Dobermann.

The earliest known records, are dated in the 1880s. Louis Dobermann from Apolda in the state of Thuringa, Germany, was a tax collector during the 1880's and, being a dog lover, he decided to breed a dog that would help protect him in his work. At that time existed the German Pincher, which was according to photography, a rather nondescript dog. However the Pincher had a reputation of being very aggressive and alert, and it was around that breed which Louis Dobermann built his strain of the Dobermann, which went on to a more advanced, alert and loyal breed.

The Dobermann was first recognised in the UK by The Kennel Club in 1948, and the first Challenge Certificates were awarded in 1952.

Description

Ideal height at withers: dogs: 69 cms (27 ins); bitches: 65 cms (25½ ins).

A medium sized muscular dog being compact and tough yet elegant with a proud carriage. The head is long and clean cut with a good depth of muzzle. Looking from above, the head resembles an elongated blunt wedge. The top of the skull is flat, as are the cheeks, the stop is slight and the eyes are almond shaped. The ears are small and neat, set high and are normally dropped, although the may be erect. A fairly long and lean neck is in proportion to the shape of the dog and carried nobly. The shoulder blade and upper arm meet at an angle of 90 degrees and are approximately equal in length. The forelegs are straight and parallel, being well muscled. Their body is square with a well developed forechest. Their short back is firm with a straight topline which slopes slightly from the withers to the croup. Their ribs are deep and belly well tucked up. Their hindquarters are muscular and well developed, having a well bent stifle. Feet are cat-like and well arched. Their tail is customarily docked. Their movement is free and vigorous, with forequarters having a good reach and hindquarters having a powerful drive. When they trot they have a strong rear drive and the hindquarters show a rotary motion.

Their smooth, short and hard coat is thick and close lying. Colours are a definite black, brown, glue or fawn, with rust-red markings. The markings should be well defined and appear above each eye, on the muzzle, throat and forechest, as well as on all legs and feet and below the tail.

Character/Temperament

The Dobermann has a bold character, showing courage and determination, and yet is neither aggressive nor fierce. They are alert and intelligent showing loyalty and obedience to their family. Although they are very affectionate, at times they like a bit of independence. They are good with children, but, as with all animals, children must be taught to respect them. They are a natural guard dog and will protect the home, barking at any strangers until reassured it is okay by their human family. They tend to be quite active in the home, being into everything, and love to play with their toys and having interactive play with the
family. Early socialisation is a must with this bold dog, in order to teach them to behave well around other dogs and animals. As with many breeds, they can at times be stubborn during their "teenage", usually at about 9 to 12 months of age.

Breed Health

In general they are a healthy breed, and have a lifespan of about 10 years. Some problems which have been known to occur are thyroid, Von Willebrand's disease, wobbler syndrome. Breeders normally test breeding stock for thyroid problems and Von Willebrand's disease.

Breed Care

Dobermanns are a clean breed and a brush about twice a week is all that is needed to keep their coat in good condition. A rubber brush is probably the best tool to remove loose hair. They moult seasonally, but only a reasonably small amount of hair loss occurs. Hairs are easily cleaned up by hoovering the carpet and washing chair covers. Their nails perhaps need clipping every 7 to 10 days.

Exercise

The adult Dobermann requires at least 2 miles of walking a day, which can be split into two walks, one in the morning and one in the evening. Whilst a puppy, care must be given when exercising as too much can cause problems with bone growth. Free running should be restricted, walking mainly on an extending lead until about 4 months of age.

Training

Being very intelligent, Dobermanns tend to learn very quickly. Being food orientated the best way to train them is by using tit-bits and lots of praise. They tend to be very obedient and willing to please. See our books on training


submit Actions
submit Category Stats
Links: 14
Breed Club: 10
Affiliate: 4
Last link added: 12 Mar, 2008