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Mexican Hairless

 Photo of Mexican Hairless

Mexican Hairless Books

Group: Utility - Breed Standard

Origins

The Mexican Hairless Dog is a rare, (almost) hairless breed of dog which can be quite variable in size. It is also known as Xoloitzcuintli or Xoloitzcuintle (the initial x is pronounced as an sh) or Mexican Hairless. Most owners of this dog call them "xolos" for short. The breed is native to Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, and may date back 3500 years more. Anthropological records suggest that some pre-Columbian cultures raised the dogs for food consumption. Besides that, Xoloitzcuintles are believed to have been kept as pets. Xolos were considered sacred dogs by the Aztecs because they believed the dogs were needed by their masters' souls to help them safely through the underworld. According to Aztec mythology, the god Xolotl made the Xoloitzcuintle from a sliver of the Bone of Life from which all man was made. Xolotl gave this gift to Man with the instruction to guard it with his life and in exchange it would guide Man through the dangers of Mictlan, the world of Death, towards the Evening Star in the Heavens.

Even today a lot of people in Mexico believe this breed to have healing qualities. Some cultures ate the meat of the Xoloitzcuintli for ritual or medicinal purposes, and the meat may still be found for sale in some parts of rural Mexico.

Description

The breed ranges in size from about 4 kg (10lb) to 20 kg (50lb)

Similar in appearance to a Pharaoh Hound, with a sleek body, almond-shaped eyes, large bat-like ears, and a long antelope neck, the Xolo is notable for its dominant trait of hairlessness. Many members of this breed are also missing several teeth. There is also a "coated" Xoloitzcuintle with a very short coat of hair, and individual dogs may exhibit varying degrees of head and body coats.

Training

See our books on training


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