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Newfoundland Books

Group: Working - Breed Standard


The origin of the breed is in Newfoundland on the East coast of Canada. In the early 1880s fishermen from many parts of Europe travelled to the cod banks of Newfoundland where there were two types of working dog: one more heavily built, large with a longish coat, whereas the other was lighter in build, an active, smooth-coated water dog. The heavier one was the Newfoundland and the other was the Labrador Retriever or the St. Johns breed of Newfoundland. The dogs were used in similar ways to pull fishnets and heavy equipment.


Average height at shoulder: dogs: 71 cms (28 ins); bitches: 66 cms (26 ins). Average weight: dogs: 64-69 kgs (141-152 lbs); bitches: 50-54.5 kgs (110-120 lbs).

Newfoundlands (also affectionately known as "Newfies" or "Newfs") have webbed feet and a water-resistant coat. Newfoundlands can come in three colours: Black: dull jet black may be tinged with bronze. Splash of white on chest, toes and tip of tail acceptable. Brown: can be chocolate or bronze. In all other respects follow black except for colour. Splash of white on chest, toes and tip of tail acceptable. Landseer: white with black markings only. For preference black head with narrow blaze, evenly marked saddle, black rump extending to tail. Beauty in markings to be taken greatly into consideration. Ticking undesirable.


Newfoundlands are known for their sweet dispositions and are nicknamed the "Gentle Giant" and "Nature's babysitter." They are protective of children. Relative to other breeds, Newfoundland puppies, especially older puppies, tend to be calm. Newfoundlands take up to three years to reach full maturity. They have deep barks, but are not good guard dogs. They are very loyal to their families and have been known to grieve when separated from their families. Their large size makes them difficult to keep in many living situations.

Breed Health

There are several health problems associated with Newfoundlands. Newfoundlands are prone to Hip dysplasia, Elbow dysplasia, sub-aortic stenosis (a heart condition) and cystinuria (a hereditary defect that forms calculi stones in the bladder).


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