The Dog Scene
The Dog Scene
  RSS Feed

Pug

 Photo of Pug
Photo: courtesy of Carole Maychell

Pug Books

Group: Toy - Breed Standard

Origins

Bred to adorn the laps of the Chinese emperors during the Shang dynasty (1766-1122 BC) in East China, where they were known as "Lo-Chiang-Sze" or "Foo" (ceramic foos, transmogrified into dragon, with their bulging eyes are very Pug-like). The Pugs popularity spread to Tibet, where they were kept by monks, and then went onto Japan, and finally Europe.

Description

Ideal weight 6.3-8.1 kgs (14-18 lbs).

Character/Temperament

Pugs are very sociable dogs, but quite stubborn. They are playful, charming, clever; and are known to succeed in dog obedience skills. Pugs get along well with other dogs and pets and require lots of attention; they may become slightly jealous if their owner ignores them or does not play with them.

Breed Health

Because they have extremely short snouts and no skeletal brow ridges, Pugs can easily scratch their corneas accidentally. Their short noses can also cause them to develop breathing problems. They are prone to obesity, so they can quickly reach unhealthy weights; it is therefore important for Pug owners to make sure their pets get regular exercise. Due to their short snouts, Pugs are vulnerable to temperature extremes. It is important to make sure that they do not overheat in hot weather, and likewise they should not be left outside in cold weather.

Pugs can also suffer from a chronic form of granulomatous meningoencephalitis (an inflammation of the brain) specific to the breed called Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE). There is no known cause or cure for PDE, although it is believed to be an inherited disease. Pugs, along with other brachycephalic dogs (boxers, bulldogs), are also prone to hemivertebrae. The screwtail is an example of a hemivertebrae, but when it occurs in others areas of the spine it can be devastating, causing such severe paralysis that euthanasia is a serious recommendation. Pugs are expected to live from about 12 to 15 years.

Training

Pugs are sensitive to the tone of a human, so harsh punishment is generally unnecessary. See our books on training


submit Actions
submit Category Stats
Links: 8
Breed Club: 4
Affiliate: 4
Last link added: 16 Mar, 2008