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Labrador


Photo courtesy of Judith Keating
Quick Guide
The Kennel Club Group Gundog
Height Dogs: 22-22½ ins
Bitches: 21½-22 ins
Grooming

Exercise

Good with children

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Labrador Calendars
Labrador Posters
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Enthusiasm
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Inherited Loyalty
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Doggie Line - Up
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Lab Pups on Log Swing
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Labrador Retriever
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Laughter
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The Ambush
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All Grown Up on Grassy Sound
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By the Dock
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Puppy Paw Painter
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Puppy Looking over Fence
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Lab Pups with Decoys
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Puppy Gang
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Chocolate Lab
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Puppies Family
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Six Pack
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Labrador Books

About the Labrador

The Labrador Retriever is Britain 's most popular dog today. Equally suited to be a family pet or a highly trained working dog, the Labrador is an intelligent, good natured and an extremely biddable companion. You would have to go a long way to better the overall qualities of this lovable breed, but you must in return offer him the lifestyle that will ensure he is an active participant in your life.

As testament to his all-round ability and aptitude, the Labrador is chosen and trained in the following areas; Guide Dogs for the Blind, Hearing Dogs, Sniffer Dogs, Pets as Therapy, Search and Rescue Dogs, Police Dogs, Competitive Obedience, Agility, Gun Dogs, Retrievers, not to mention his increasing popularity as a family pet. An impressive list by anyone's standards!!

History

Originally from Newfoundland Canada, the Labrador was trained to jump overboard into the icy waters to haul fishermen's nets to shore. In the early 1800's sailing ships brought a few examples of the breed to English shores. Once here, they were quickly recognised for their intelligence and retrieving instincts and were put to work as gun dogs and retrievers. The Kennel Club of Great Britain first recognised the Labrador Retriever breed in 1903, and today more Labradors are registered with them than any other single breed.

Appearance

  • Strongly built, broad and deep through chest and ribs, broad and strong over loins and hindquarters.
  • Skull broad, clean cut without fleshy cheeks. Jaws of medium length, powerful but not snipey. Nose wide, nostrils well developed.
  • Eyes: Medium size, expressing intelligence and good temper, brown or hazel.
  • Ears: Not large or heavy, hanging close to head and set rather far back.
  • Tail: Distinctive feature, very thick towards base, gradually tapering towards tip, medium length, free from feathering but clothed thickly all round with short, thick, dense coat, thus giving 'rounded' appearance described as 'Otter' tail. May be carried gaily but should not curl over back.
  • Coat: Short, dense without wave (except down back) or feathering, giving fairly hard feel to the touch. Weather resistant undercoat.
  • Colour: Wholly black, yellow, or liver/chocolate. Yellows range from light cream to red fox. Chocolates range from light to very dark. Small white spot on chest permissible.
  • Click here for The Kennel Club breed standard

Character

Labradors have wonderful temperaments, as they are loyal, loveable, affectionate, brilliant with other animals and children, highly intelligent and very willing to please. They are hugely enthusiastic about life and love to play, especially in water, so their water resistant coat comes in handy here! These dogs are watchdogs and not guard dogs, as aggression rarely features in their character. They are more likely to lick a burglar to death than bite him, although they will let you know an intruder is there! Two 'types' of Labradors have evolved as a result of the breeding programmes for both show and field trial. Show lines are generally chunkier in stature and more placid in temperament than those bred for the field. Field trial lines tend to be lightweight, finer boned and more energetic, and they can be highly strung. Often the best pets come from the combination of both show and field lines.

A word of caution, if you work long hours or simply do not have much time, then do NOT consider a Labrador as a pet. Labradors crave attention and human company and need regular exercise. These elements are essential to a Labradors well being. A bored Labrador is a VERY DESTRUCTIVE Labrador . They have been known to eat their way through solid doors and demolish kitchen units in a matter of hours! All in the name of boredom. So, while they are to many people the ideal dog, they do need the right environment in which to flourish. This does not mean that they are only happy in the country with acres of land to run around on. A Labrador will do very well in the city too, if his owner spends time with him and takes him for regular walks. In fact he would happily live in a telephone box - but only if you are there with him too!!

Health

The majority of Labradors in the UK are overweight! They don't need to be, but they are 'dustbins' when it comes to consuming anything edible and indeed consuming many things that appear not to be edible!! An overweight Labrador usually continues to be a happy chappie, but the excess weight puts strain on his heart and joints and will certainly shorten his life. So the solution is entirely in the hands of the owner. You should be able to easily feel his ribs but not see them. Always feed according to his age, size and exercise regime and use your eye to judge if you are over feeding or indeed underfeeding and adjust the ration accordingly. Sounds easy I know, but few follow this simple rule, which is a great shame for the breed.

Labradors are prone to hip displasia and there are three main culprits for this condition.

Firstly, genetics - Much has been done in recent years to eradicate this condition from the breed so ensure that you only buy a puppy from a reputable breeder who will have ensured good hip score results for both the sire and the dam. Secondly, over feeding which results in too much protein going into the system, creating excessive weight gain which results in excessive stress to the joints. And finally, the third cause is over-exercise (or stress) to the joints during the first 12 months. (See 'Puppies' for exercise regime during the first 12 months).

The other main weakness of the Labrador is eye disease. But again, a reputable breeder will have annual eye tests to ensure their dogs are not passing on this genetic defect.

Average life expectancy is approximately 12 years.

Training

A well-trained Labrador is a happy Labrador . They are welcome to go to more places and therefore have a more varied and fulfilled life. Consider going to puppy/dog training classes in your area, the results will be very worthwhile. The classes are all about training you to train the dog, which is a very good investment of time. A boisterous untrained Labrador is a nuisance and usually gets shut out, which is a travesty for this sociable breed. Particularly as Labradors are such intelligent dogs and are therefore easy to train. Their motto in life is ' What can I do to please you?' It is a great sadness that so many male Labradors of between 12 and 18 months end up in rescue centres, simply because no one showed them the 'do's' and 'don'ts' at the appropriate time.

I should qualify the statement 'A well-trained labrador' by saying that this does not mean a highly trained dog that will jump to attention, like a professional working dog. It simply means trained to be socially acceptable in most situations. His skills must include coming back to you when called, as this could save his life one day, or prevent a serious road accident. He should also be able to go and lay quietly in his bed when asked to do so. He should not beg at the table or jump up at people. And he should travel quietly in the car and walk to heel on a lead. These skills alone will ensure him, and indeed you, a smooth passage in most social situations.

Exercise

Lots of walks and lots of variety please! ( See 'Puppies' for exercise in first year ). But Labradors are so biddable and will get to understand that they get one or possibly two rather shorter outings on busy days, with lovely long walks in the country or to the beach on days when you have more time. This is where the Labrador will adapt so well to your lifestyle. But please don't expect him to be satisfied with the enclosure of your yard or garden, or a walk on a lead around the block 7 days a week, as he won't be. He will be bored and disruptive and let you know as much.

Puppies

Puppies require lots of time, lots of patience and consistent training. All puppies - not just Labradors , but I'm sure you knew that already. They do however bring lots of love and lots of laughs!

Buy only from a breeder who has answered all of your questions to your total satisfaction. And be prepared to travel a distance or wait a few months to find a puppy from good healthy stock that has been reared in suitable surroundings. Time spent in planning for, and locating, a suitable puppy will be time well spent. Much better than the time, expense and heartbreak of dealing with a poorly raised, sickly puppy. Or one who has not been 'socialised' prior to coming to you, as this will almost certainly affect his confidence for life.

Puppy Check List

  • Ask about hip score & eye test certificate (For both parents) The lower the number the better.
  • Ask about the temperament of both parents
  • Find out about how the puppies have been reared
  • Always meet the dam (& sire if possible)
  • Only buy if you are happy with the breeder
  • Only buy if you are happy with the overall care and condition of the puppies
  • Check that they are KC registered (A pedigree is worthless without individual Kennel Club Registration Documents).
  • Expect the breeder to ask you about your lifestyle and facilities

Early Exercise

There is no need to take your puppy for walks during the first 6 months, as simply playing in the garden is quite sufficient exercise for this stage of development. From 6 months to 1 year, exercise with caution and do not allow a young dog to jump in or out of the car or, worst of all, chase a ball or stick. This run, stop, and turn activity really stresses the undeveloped joints and is likely to cause problems in later life.

Activity must be short and not too exuberant and the puppy should be left to rest as often and for as long as he wishes. This is particularly important if you have young children in the house who are tempted to wake the puppy up, or indeed keep him awake when he is tired. I cannot stress the importance of this enough, as a puppy will continue to play for as long as someone is prepared to play with him. It is therefore up to you to monitor his activity, particularly during the first few months and up to 12 months of age, to ensure healthy development of his bones during this important formative period.

Labrador Breeders
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When contacting an advertiser, please tell them you saw them on The Dog Scene! The Dog Scene does not endorse, recommend or guarantee any kennel, breeder or livestock advertised within The Dog Scene website. Purchasers must satisfy themselves before making any decisions or purchases based on the content of The Dog Scene web site.

Atlanta Gold Jim Ballinger Email Web Site  
Bahram Barbara West Email   Tel: 01428 656169
Whistletyne Judith Keating Email   Tel: 01434 320289
Winsleywood . Alison & Allan Scutcher Email web site  
. Kim Mitchell Email Web Site  
Germany
Temagami Hills . Sandra Müller-Sax Email Web Site Auf Schnoes 9,
D-54457 Wincheringen
Tel: 0049 6583 993527
of poet's corner . Vanessa Helbing-Killian Email Web Site Tel: 0049 (0) 7191 906209
Labrador Clubs
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Labrador Retriever Club Mrs S M B Walton Email ▪ Tel: 01279 655937
Labrador Retriever Club Of Northern Ireland Mrs C F Doherty Tel: 01846 639264
Labrador Retriever Of Wales Mrs J Povall Tel: 01633 422638
Labrador Club Of Scotland Mrs A M Pollock Tel: 01563 820270
Cotswold & Wyevern Labrador Club Mr Karl Gawthorpe
Tel: 01932 874539
East Anglian Labrador Retriever Club Mrs J Cole Tel: 01354 680375
Kent Surrey & Sussex Labrador Retriever Club Mrs E Saunderson Tel: 01798 872860
Midland Counties Labrador Retriever Club Mrs J Allen Tel: 01733 222649
North West Labrador Retriever Mrs S M Saunt Tel: 01942 212280
Northumberland & Durham Labrador Retriever Club Mr P A Smith Tel: 01642 292965
Three Ridings Labrador Club Mrs P Gill Tel: 01943 467926
West Of England Labrador Retriever Club Mr G Fox Tel: 01566 785121
Yellow Labrador Club Mrs Wiles Tel: 01895 823227
Other non-profit Labrador sites
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The Labrador Rescue Trust    

Our thanks go to Judith Keating for her help in compiling this breed profile

This page was updated on 30-Jul-2005

 

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